SUMMARY - Breath - Nestor;, James

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Here is a summary of the key points:

  • The passage discusses the nose and breathing from different perspectives, including physiological, philosophical and ancient teachings.

  • Physiologically, breathing brings in "space dust" that has circulated the universe for billions of years, allowing us to absorb our surroundings and exchange parts of ourselves.

  • The nostrils pulse rhythmically due to nasal cycles that open and close the nostrils like flowers. Ancient texts described shared rhythmic patterns influenced by the sun and moon.

  • The nose contains erectile tissue similar to genitals. Nasal cycles and dominance of one nostril over the other are linked to states of arousal and health.

  • Overall the passage examines the nose and breathing from various angles, incorporating scientific, spiritual and historical views on this fundamental biological process.

    Here is a summary:

  • The passage describes an experience Stefan Olsson had while jogging where he felt a profound state of peace and unity. This experience motivated him to research breathing techniques.

  • Olsson meets up with the author to teach him his breathing technique. They go jogging in Golden Gate Park.

  • The technique involves breathing very slowly and shallowly through the nose, with inhalations and exhalations of 3 seconds each. This maintains elevated carbon dioxide levels while still getting sufficient oxygen.

  • The author finds it very difficult at first but sticks with it. Within 15 minutes he feels calmer and more focused than normal jogging. His breathing becomes effortless.

  • Olsson explains this type of breathing helps release endorphins and induces a coherent, relaxed state. It provides both physiological and psychological benefits compared to normal jogging respiration.

  • The author is impressed by how such a minor adjustment in breathing technique can change his mental and physical experience so significantly. He is motivated to further explore breathing practices.

    Here is a summary:

  • The passage discusses 'mewing', a technique promoted by Mike Mew as a way to expand the palate and improve facial and airway structure. It involves active muscle engagement of the tongue against the roof of the mouth.

  • The author experiments with mewing but finds it uncomfortable. He consults with Dr. Theodore Belfor, a dentist who challenges mainstream views on bone structure being static after adulthood.

  • Belfor explains that chewing stimulates stem cell growth in facial bones, allowing for remodeling and increased density over a lifetime. Lack of chewing from soft diets leads to narrow palates and airways.

  • To promote chewing, Belfor has patients wear palate-expanding retainers called Homeoblocks. He believes this can help improve facial and dental development as well as breathing function, in contrast to contemporary orthodontics that often extract teeth.

  • The passage explores alternative perspectives on orthodontics, bone biology, and interventions like mewing and palate expansion that aim to improve facial and airway development through non-surgical means.

    Here is a summary of the key points:

  • Dr. Feinstein found previous research from the 1980s showing inhaling carbon dioxide provided quick and lasting relief from anxiety. However, this treatment approach was not widely pursued.

  • He was interested in exploring non-pharmaceutical options for anxiety, as antidepressants only help about half of patients and meditation is difficult for many to stick to regularly.

  • Feinstein conducted his own lab research administering carbon dioxide doses to anxious patients. Initial results were promising, though some had intense panic attacks from higher doses.

  • The passage describes the author volunteering to try carbon dioxide therapy with Feinstein. Safety protocols were in place as Feinstein planned to use a dose higher than typically used now, 35% carbon dioxide, to observe effects.

  • The author briefly reflects on a prior visit to researcher Anders Olsson, who explored lower 7% carbon dioxide doses for potential performance enhancement benefits.

    Here is a summary of the key points regarding breathing techniques:

  • Nasal breathing is better for health than mouth breathing. It filters and warms inhaled air.

  • Diaphragmatic breathing engages the diaphragm muscle for full, deep breaths. Techniques like breathing coordination train this.

  • Controlled breathing rates around 5-6 seconds per inhale/exhale provide relaxation benefits. Resonant breathing aims for this pace.

  • Alternate nostril breathing balances the left and right sides of the body and calms the nervous system.

  • Minimal/Buteyko breathing teaches the body to function well on less oxygen through breathholds and restricted breathing.

  • Clearing nasal passages through brief holds and inhalation improves air flow and oxygen exchange.

  • Jaw and palate exercises like chewing, oral devices, and expansion appliances can remodel structures for better breathing.

  • Complex yogic pranayama practices like Tummo and Sudarshan Kriya must be learned carefully from experienced teachers due to power and potential side effects if not done properly.

  • Various relaxation techniques incorporate conscious breathing to reduce stress responses physically and mentally.

The summary focuses on the different breathing techniques and exercises presented as having health and performance benefits if learned and practiced safely and gradually over time.

Here is a summary of the key points from the article:

  • The article reported on a study examining the relationship between breastfeeding and children's facial development.

  • It found that children who were initially breastfed had lower rates of issues like crossbite, open bite, and posterior crossbite compared to non-breastfed children. Rates decreased with longer exclusive breastfeeding duration.

  • Breastfeeding promotes proper sucking behavior which influences muscle development and jaw/teeth alignment through the circular sucking motion. This allows for proper eruption of primary teeth and development of a narrower dental arch.

  • Bottle feeding with flows that are too slow or fast can impair oral motor development and cause sucking disorders, linked to higher orthodontic problem rates.

  • In summary, the study concluded that initial and prolonged breastfeeding promotes healthier facial development and fewer dental issues due to its positive impact on oral motor skills developed during sucking.

    Here is a summary of the key points:

  • Some mental health issues like anxiety and depression are highly prevalent, affecting around 25% of the population at some point in their lives. Many people struggle with milder forms as well.

  • Conditions like anxiety, depression, panic disorder, and anorexia are closely interconnected and often co-occur, all relating to dysfunctional fear responses.

  • Studies have found abnormal breathing patterns and carbon dioxide levels in patients with emotional disorders like panic disorder compared to healthy individuals.

  • Breathing retraining through techniques like hypoventilation therapy can help reverse dysfunctional breathing and reduce anxiety and panic symptoms over time through mechanisms relating to carbon dioxide levels and fear processing.

  • Non-drug approaches like breathing methods and floatation therapy have shown promise in treating anxiety and related conditions, but require more research to fully understand their mechanisms and effectiveness. The high prevalence of mental health issues points to the need for continued exploration of non-pharmaceutical options.

    Here is a summary:

  • Nasal breathing is important for warming, humidifying and filtering air before it reaches the lungs. Some indigenous groups recognized its health benefits and incorporated nasal breathing into daily practices.

  • The rhythmic nasal cycles that open and close each nostril help regulate breathing and the release of nitric oxide, which has physiological effects. Issues like deviated septums can be addressed through procedures to improve obstructed nasal breathing.

  • Buteyko's breathing method for reducing overbreathing has received a "B" rating for supporting evidence from its effects on asthma. Cells can produce energy anaerobically when oxygen levels decrease, avoiding hypoxic tissue damage from excessive breathing and carbon dioxide buffering.

  • Chewing hard foods and gum can provide similar benefits to devices like the Homeoblock by strengthening and expanding the airways. Sexual arousal involves soft, easy breathing while orgasms precede fast, sharp breathing linked to pupil dilation.

  • Numerous studies over decades have found transdermal carbon dioxide therapies beneficial for cardiovascular, weight and immune health. A UK study found SSRIs had weak effects on depression over only 12 weeks. Sudarshan Kriya was also found effective for stress and conditions.

  • Modern humans have evolved smaller airways like highly inbred dogs due to evolutionary pressures, resulting in similar breathing problems.

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